Transcarpathians (Zakarpattya) region
The Transcarpathia is one of the most picturesque areas of Ukraine. It is expanded on the north-western slopes of the Carpathian mountains. In the north-west, west and south the region borders on four countries - Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and Romania, and in the north- east and the south-east it borders on Lviv and Ivano-Frankivsk regions, thus forming a peculiar window to Europe.
The mountains, stretching from the south-west to the south-east and arranging the Verhovynsky slope, the Rahivsky massif, Horhany, Svydovets, Chornohora, Polonynsky slope and the Volcanic Carpathians, take up about 80 percent of its territory. The Chornohorsky slope includes Hoverla mountain, which is 2061 meters high and is the highest point of the area.
The Transcarpathia is separated from the other regions of the country by the Yablunytsky, Vyshkivsky, Uzhotsky, Veretsky and Volovetsky mountain-passes, which are about 931 and 1014 meters above sea level.
The Nature reserves occupy up to 146 thousand hectares of its lands. The largest and the most attractive reserve territories are: The Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, the National Park "Synevyr" and the Uzhansky National Park. The forest, which is spread on 50 percent of the lands, is considered to be the most valuable treasure of this area.
The Transcarpathia is surely one of the richest in natural and healing resources regions. Its nature is extremely abundant in different kinds of plants: more than 2,000 species are found in this area.
By now, more than 400 springs of mineral water have been discovered in the region. They include both the natural mineral springs and the boreholes of mineral water with different chemical structures. The Svalyavsk, Rakhiv, Khust, Velykobereznyansk and Tyachevsk regions are the richest ones in mineral waters.
The Transcarpathia has plenty of medieval architectural monuments, such as stone castles, palaces and cult buildings. The Uzhhorod and Mukachevo castles remained in good condition up to present. But only ruins are left of the castles of Nevitsk, Seredny, Kvasov, Koroleva and Vynohradiv. The most famous cult buildings are: The Horyanska rotunda (XII-XIII centuries), the Cathedral in Uzhhorod (XVII century), the gothic church in Mukachevo, the Muzhivsky gothic church (XIV cent.), Dobrosilsky and Chetivsky gothic churches (XV cent.).
Natural Resources: Lake Synevyr.
The Synevyr lake, as if hanging under the clouds surrounded by the dreamy fir-trees, is a blue pearl of the Carpathians. It is a kind of a real deep blue sea placed in the heart of the mountains. It resembles a looking-glass reflecting the beauty of the heavens and is located at the height of 989 meters above sea level.
The lake was formed during the Ice Age as a result of the landslide. The crystal surface of the lake is encircled by the mountains, covered with centennial fir-trees. The tourists are offered the tours with climbing the "Ozyrna" mountain (which is 1550m high). Standing on its top, one can get convinced that the lake received another name, "The Sea eye", not by mere chance.
The lake is situated near the village of Synevyrska Polyana in the Mizhhirya district, Transcarpathia region. It lies on the southern slopes of Horhan in the gorge formed by Ozerna (1495m) and Slenisor (1235m) mountains and the Vododilny mountain range at the height of 987 meters above sea level. The area of the lake is about 7 ha, the average depth of it is 16-17 m, and the deepest point is 24 m low. An oval-shaped gorge was formed as a result of the rockslide and the blocking up of the mountain stream.
It is supplied with the atmospheric waters and the waters of the surface .A small brook flows out of the lake. The water of the lake is lightly mineralized, pure and transparent, with the stable temperature (+11C). Its banks are covered with forests and water plants are growing only along the banks. The fauna is represented by various types of microscopic fishes. Trout can be found there too.
The lake is situated within the area of the National Synevyr Park. The lake "Ozertse," located on the north-western slope of Hropa mountain is famous for its beauty. At the village of Negrovets there is the Hluharnya marsh, which has the area of 18.5 ha with the spherical relief and the plants called "newcomers from the Ice Age", characteristic of this type of marshes. The similar lake Zamchatka is located in the gorge "Chorna Rika".
The unique Museum of Timber Rafting, opened in the XIX century, is the only one of the kind in Europe.
The Narcissus valley is the only place in Ukraine where the overgrowth of the narrow-leaved narcissus can be found. The similar overgrowth, but on smaller areas, is spread over some other places, such as: the Alps, Romania and some Baltic countries.
It is the abundant blossoming beauty of these plants that leaves the unforgettable impression in the souls of those who have seen it.